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Acne alone is enough of a pain, but just when we think they're gone, the dreaded acne scar appears and hangs around for the next couple of months. But worry not! Here are some tips to identify potential causes and help restore your skin. 

What Causes Acne Scars?

Acne scars are generally caused by inflammatory acne lesions like papules, pustules, cysts, etc. Here are three common factors:

  • It’s part of the family.  Your genetics significantly influence the likelihood of  developing acne scars. If your parents have them, you are highly vulnerable as well.
  • Touching or popping pimples: We know it’s hard to resist touching or squeezing our pimples in the hopes that they disappear. However, this will only leave deeper marks that are harder to treat in the long run.
  • Excess sebum production: If you are prone to oily skin, severe acne, or washing your face far too frequently, you might be overstimulating your sebaceous glands to produce more sebum than normal, increasing the likelihood of scars developing.

What Are the Different Types of Acne Scars?

  1. Boxcar Scars. Round or oval depressions create a lowered area on the surface of your skin with angular, well-defined edges. 
  2. Rolling Scars. The wider depressions form on your skin without sharply defined edges. They tend to make your face look uneven.
  3. Ice Pick Scars. These deep narrow scars extend to the dermis - the second layer of your skin. They usually form due to an infected cyst.  
  4. Hypertrophic Scars. These raised scars appear when excessive collagen is produced during the skin healing process.
  5. Dark Spots. Caused by hormonal fluctuations or excessive sun exposure, increased melanin synthesis appears darker than normal.

What Are The Best Ingredients and Treatments For Treating Acne Scarring?

Luckily, there are ways to expedite the healing process of your acne scars. Incorporating exfoliating ingredients like AHA or BHA removes the outer layers of the skin to help remove rough skin and discoloration. Other effective ingredients that you might want to consider for your at-home routine include SPF, Vitamin C, Vitamin E and Retinol

Though the name acne ‘scars’ might suggest that the damage is permanent, this is far from the truth. With the right treatment and some patience, your scars will fade over time. If all else fails, consider getting a procedure done by a professional to speed up recovery.